John C. Mather e George F. Smoot eram os investigadores responsáveis dos instrumentos do satélite COBE que permitiram importantíssimas descobertas no campo da cosmologia:
"This year the Physics Prize is awarded for work that looks back into the infancy of the Universe and attempts to gain some understanding of the origin of galaxies and stars. It is based on measurements made with the help of the COBE satellite launched by NASA in 1989.
The COBE results provided increased support for the Big Bang scenario for the origin of the Universe, as this is the only scenario that predicts the kind of cosmic microwave background radiation measured by COBE.".
Ler mais aqui.